Interests on investments is a source of revenue for many. Many common people invest in bank Fixed Deposits (FDs). Even the wealthy save their funds in the form of FDs. They earn interests on these deposits. Income Tax (IT) department, that did not bother about this aspect all these years, is now keenly watching as these interest amounts are growing.
IT sleuths are trying to identify those who do not pay taxes on the interests earned through FDs or do not file returns. They are trying to rake in as much additional income as possible. It has become essential for all, from ordinary account holders to the wealthy businessmen, to know about the interests earned on FDs and taxation. Many are not clear about this aspect. They are also many assumptions, regarding this. It is better to know what the law says.
A majority assume that IT officials have no knowledge of FDs. But the way they deduct tax at source (TDS) over interests on FDs is enough to reveal their strategy. If interests earned on FDs and Recurring Deposits (RDs) of a bank account holder is Rs. 10,000 and above, the bank authorities pass on this information to the IT department, via his pan number. Banks deduct 10 per cent as TDS from interests earned on FDs. If he respective account holder comes under the 20 per cent tax bracket, he has to show the interests earned on FDs, while filing annual returns, and pay the remaining tax.
Interests on deposits should be shown as revenue from other sources, in the returns. It should be added to the annual income, while filing returns. Then he needs to pay taxes according to the percentage of his whole income. If the bank exempts the account holder from 10 per cent tax on interests on FDs, this has to be shown while filing returns. Then, TDS is not included while paying tax on annual income. Not just FDs, even PPF and Sunkanya Samruddhi Yojana schemes, which are exempted from tax, will be shown in returns.
Do not evade TDS
Because interests on FDs are taxed when they are Rs. 10,000 and above, many deposit small amounts in various banks. Supposing you have deposited Rs. 1 lakh in Fixed. Deposit (FD). As per the present seven per cent interest rate, you interest amount will not cross Rs. 10,000. But experts suggest that it is better not to evade TDS. While depositing, you must give your PAN number. Thereby it is impossible to keep your deposit information secret, from IT officials. Because, they will be able to detect all your deposits, in various banks, through your PAN number.
Form 15 G, 15 H
Some do not pay TDS, but fill up and submit Form 15 G and 15 H, to banks. These are income declaration forms, stating that the account holder's income is within non-taxable limits for that particular year and TDS does not apply. With this, banks do not deduct TDS.
If you have to submit form 15, your basic annual income should not cross the minimum of Rs. 2.5 lakh. This includes even the interests on income. Revenue through interests includes that earned through PPF, NSC, and other investments.
Form 15 H is for senior citizens above 60 years of age. If they annual income does not exceed Rs. 3 lakh, they are eligible for Form 15 H. For those above 80 years, the minimum amount that is exempted is Rs. 5 lakh.
If you submit Form 15 G and 15 H, the banks will not question you. But after submitting this, do not assume that banks will simply forget about deducting TDS. The names of the customers concerned and their PAN numbers, will be mentioned in their TDS returns, said Chartered Accountant Subham Agarwal. When it is mentioned in the returns, the information will be included in Form 26 AS, via PAN number of the concerned customer.
Even if Form 15 G or H are submitted in more than one bank, all the details will be revealed. If it is known that these forms have been misused, you will need to pay penalty and face inquiry. If it is false, you will be sentenced to jail from three months to two years.
While examining the returns filed by Tax Sponsor company, it is realised that 90 per cent of them did not mention about income on returns, in their returns. Those who file tax returns, will definitely have bank savings accounts. The interests earned on this income, through these accounts, up to Rs. 10,000 is exempted from TDS, under Section 80TTA. After that, tax is to be paid on every rupee earned.
However, banks will not deduct TDS, even if the interests cross Rs. 10,000. So no one usually declare these incomes. As of now, there is no sharing of information between banks. But in future, when data is shared, all the deposits made by a person in one bank will be revealed. TDS will definitely be deducted. Tax Consultancy Services expert, M.K. Agarwal, said that already the system is in place to track the details of deposits under one PAN number in various banks.
Some make deposits in the name of family members, to evade tax. They deposit in the name of wife, who is not employed or in the name of minor children. If amounts are gifted in the name of wife or children, it is not taxed. But if amounts are invested in the names of family members, the revenue earned on these, is included in the revenue of the person who has made the deposits. Which means, if the husband makes a deposit of Rs. 1 lakh in the name of his wife, the interests are recorded under his name. If these interests are invested, the interests earned on these will however go to the accounts who are accepting them. If it is deposited in the name of children, the revenue on interests will go to the father's account. However, no annual interest is paid on these deposits, up to two child accounts, for Rs. 1,500 for each account.
Only the revenue on deposits made in the name of the wife and minor children, will be included in revenue of the concerned account holder. However, the revenue on deposits he makes in the name of his parents will not be included in his revenue. If the parents do not have any income, the person can deposit the amounts in their names, as gifts and forget about it. The revenue earned on these deposits is considered as the parents' income. Those who crossed 60 years, need not pay tax on their annual income up to Rs. 3 lakh. If you invest under Section 80 C, there is an exemption of tax for a sum of Rs. 4.5 lakh. So if you want to reduce your tax burden, invest in the name of your parents as gifts. This is legally acceptable.