Yogurt, curd, dessert, paneer, cheese...what's the difference?

07-11-2017 Tue 12:41



Many mistake yogurt for curd. But they are not the same. Yogurt is similar to curd. But both are not the same. You might have heard about dessert. It is interesting to know the difference between these foods.


Curd and yogurt are milk products. They are formed when milk is fermented. They are a part of people's lives, world over. Actually both are different from each other. There is difference in their processing, use and benefits. But in our country, it is believed that they are both the same and they are called differently in different countries. Both are beneficial for the digestive system. They appear the same.

Yogurt
representational imageYogurt is formed by fermenting milk, with the help of bacteria (Lactobacillus Balgarisis, Streptococcus Thermophilus). This bacteria is called yogurt culture. Due to reaction, Lactose in milk, turns to Lactic Acid. The result is yogurt. That is why it is somewhat salty and acidic (sour) in taste.

Yogurt is a Turkish word. It means, tightly binding. Yogurt is prepared in our country, with cow or buffalo milk. In foreign countries, goat milk, camel milk or sheep milk are used. Yogurt is used mostly in America, Britain and Europe.

Milk is first boiled at 80 degrees C. As such, the bacteria that spoils milk is destroyed. Later, the milk is cooled to 45 degrees C. The bacteria is added to the milk. A tsp. of yogurt too acts as bacteria. It is left to ferment in normal room temperature. The yogurt is ready. Many flavours are added to this. It is consumed directly. Sugar, salt or aromatic essence can be added to this.

Yogurt has calcium, phosphorus, Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5), Zinc, Potassium, Protein and Molybdenum. Yogurt has Probiotics in abundance. They are essential for health. Probiotics increases the immunity of the body. Those who suffer from allergies to milk or curd, can try yogurt. Normally, some are allergic to lactose in milk. But in yogurt, lactose turns in to lactic acid and does not cause allergy. Those who are allergic to curd, can try yogurt. Those who face digestive discomfort are relieved by taking this.

Curd
representational imageThe process of preparing curd is called curdling. Curd is prepared by curdling milk. A tsp. of curd is mixed to milk that is heated and cooled to 30 to 40 degrees C. Sometimes sour vinegar or lime juice is used. Curd has lactobacillus. This bacteria doubles itself in a few hours, in 30 to 40 degrees C temperature. It changes milk to curd. While curd is formed quickly in warm temperatures, it take a longer time during cold season. Along with the solid curd, there is some water. Both these have proteins. This curd can be had with sugar or salt.

Curd too can be made with milk of buffalo, cow, goat, camel or sheep. In Spain special curd prepared from sheep milk is used. Curd has Vitamin A, Vitamin E, K, Thamine, Ribloflavin, Niacin, Panthothenic Acid, Vitamin B6, Pholate, Vitamin B 12, and also calcium, iron, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, zinc, copper, manganese, fluoride and selenium in abundance. Saturated fats and oleic acid are also present. Probiotics are also adequate. It helps in smooth digestion and for cooling. But the good bacteria in curd does not reach the intestines and therefore, the nutritive value might be lost.

Difference
The main difference between curd and yogurt is the preparation. Milk is used as base for both. Both are formed as solid substances. They are also slightly similar in taste. But the bacteria that is used to form curd and yogurt is different.

Nutritive value
representational imageYogurt can be replaced with our native curd. Even this is very good for health. Most importantly, it is good for those who are allergic to milk. They are different types of yogurt available in the market. The most popular among this is Greek yogurt. Many nutritionists recommend this. If one medium cup of curd yields three to four gm. of proteins, the same quantity of yogurt gives, double the rate of protein, from eight to 10 gm. Protein is essential to those who are exercising or involved in hard labour.

Fortis Hospital nutritionist, Dr. Seema Singh says that if yogurt is consumed daily, T cells will function effectively. They are key to maintaining the immune system. It eases the strain on muscles in those who exercise daily. It is useful to those who are allergic to lactose, according to Dr. Mansi Chatra. Yogurt is digested easily, as lactose is transformed to lactic acid.

Yogurt preparation
You can buy branded, quality yogurt. Or you can prepare it at home. However, it needs more focus. Delhi-based chef, Sensil Raj, revealed the method of making yogurt to a daily newspaper. Boil milk until it rises and transfer it to a glass bowl. It should be kept aside until it turns lukewarm. Add two tsps of yogurt to this. Keep the bowl in lukewarm water overnight or for eight hours. Do not leave for longer time, as it will turn sour. After eight hours, remove the water that settles on top. Then refrigerate it for four hours, before use. If it is left to refrigerate, it can be used for four days.

Frozen dessert
representational imageSolidified yogurt is called frozen dessert. It is generally had after meals. Ice creams, cakes, cookies, biscuits, pastries, puddings, candies are also part of desserts. Fruits are also commonly used in desserts. The natural sweetness in fruits makes desserts more tasty. Frozen dessert preparation is similar to ice cream.

Probiotics yogurt
Probiotics are microorganisms. They are health boosters, when taken in limited quantities. Any product that is in the name of Probiotics has bacteria. It is an anti-acid. It reaches the intestines and helps in absorption of the benefits of good bacteria.

Cheese, paneer
representational imageCheese and paneer are milk products. Cheese is derived out of curdling milk and separating the water. The solidified matter is made in to pieces and preserved in 38 degrees C, for 45 minutes. This warmth produces acid. The pieces are hardened with this. There are three types of cheese. If there is 50-80 per cent water, it is considered soft cheese, 45 per cent water is called semi-hard cheese and less than 40 per cent water is called hard cheese. This is also called 'junnu.' This is another kind of paneer. This is a commercial product and used in many recipes. Abroad this is called cottage cheese. This is heated at 200 degrees F. Acid is used for solidifying.


More Articles
Joint life insurance policy for couple...how beneficial?
2 years ago
Are you using the right charger for your phone? Check out
2 years ago
Shoot amazing videos with mobile phone
2 years ago
How to delete, block emails in Gmail?
2 years ago
Are your eyes healthy? Identify eye problems this way
2 years ago
Government services at your fingertips with these apps
2 years ago
Ways to increase height: Any options?
2 years ago
Life after death…what organs can be donated…give life to how many?
2 years ago
Phones costlier than Apple iPhone
2 years ago
Hyderabad Metro Rail halts..facilities in stations
2 years ago
Green peas curry...tasty for chapattis, paratas
2 years ago
Age for insurance cover. Need it for 100 years?
2 years ago
Shares that will go up in 2018; recommended by brokers
2 years ago
These are New Year resolutions of celebrities...what about us?
2 years ago
LIC policy that protects you from cancer... less premium, more protection
2 years ago
What do kids like... what they don't?
2 years ago
Lens resolution and not pixels make the difference in camera...unknown facts
2 years ago
What is the truth about North Korea?
2 years ago
Open zero balance account in any bank
2 years ago
Separate test for each health problem... what is known in which test?
2 years ago
Do this to increase life of phone battery, backup
2 years ago
New scooters that will arrive at your doorstep soon
2 years ago
Health insurance from banks... less premium...how worthy?
2 years ago
Has your smart phone slowed down? Here are tips to speed it up
2 years ago
Dental plaque formation, causes and care
2 years ago
Cholesterol is good...But when is it bad?
2 years ago
Make tasty panipuri at home
2 years ago
P2P platforms help easy lending, borrowing
2 years ago
Why Apple iPhone is expensive? Want it for less price?
2 years ago
Tips to cool down your heated smart phone
2 years ago
Which is better...own or rented house?
2 years ago
App that listens and types in Telugu
2 years ago
Jaundice could be dangerous if neglected
2 years ago
Sponge cake in a jiffy...no oven...with and without eggs
2 years ago
What happens when you don't repay loans
2 years ago
Yogurt, curd, dessert, paneer, cheese...what's the difference?
2 years ago
IT dept. eagle eye on bank deposits... what to do?
2 years ago
Google Tej app...transfer funds in a jiffy
2 years ago
Truths about money, you must know
2 years ago
Huge benefits with Multani Mitti
2 years ago
Advertisement 1
Video News
Dussehra special: Akhil and Samantha generates fun- Bigg Boss Telugu 4 promo
45 minutes ago
Advertisement 36
G Kishan Reddy speaks after launching BJP office at Vijayawada in AP
1 hour ago
Minister Botsa comments on Chandrababu
1 hour ago
Amitabh Bachchan greets Cyberabad CP VC Sajjanar on his birthday on a short a video
1 hour ago
Nandamuri Balakrishna Dasara Special Interview- Nartanasala Movie
1 hour ago
Lakshmi Manchu DASARA celebration photos
2 hours ago
Allu Arjun family DASARA celebration photos- Allu Sneha, Arha, Ayaan
2 hours ago
Ammoru Thalli official Telugu trailer- Nayanthara- Nov 14
3 hours ago
Most Eligible Bachelor Teaser: Akhil Akkineni, Pooja Hegde
3 hours ago
Dussehra Special: Garam Sathi visits Bigg Boss star Gangavva's village
3 hours ago
Viral video: Allu Arjun could not stop laughing as his kids dance like Pennywise
3 hours ago
Inspiration: Tamil Nadu village gets toilets, thanks to a 16-year-old girl Jayalakshmi
3 hours ago
Jordar Sujatha to re-enter the Bigg Boss house?
4 hours ago
14-year-old girl gangr*ped by five men in Telangana
4 hours ago
Bigg Boss 4: Samantha funny comments on Jabardasth Avinash, wins hearts
4 hours ago
Won't restore Article 370 in Jammu and Kashmir: Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad
5 hours ago
LIVE: PM Narendra Modi addresses the nation through Mann ki Baat
6 hours ago
AP CMO Principal Secretary Praveen Prakash sends SMS to SEC Nimmagadda Ramesh Kumar
6 hours ago
Release date for Ram Pothineni's 'Red' movie announced
6 hours ago
Hero Sharwanand, Rashmika Mandanna visit Tirumala temple
7 hours ago